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Appendix [103]: The Voyage of the St. Andrew

Departed: Rotterdam, Holland (Netherlands)
Then Leaving from: Plymouth, England
Ship: St. Andrew
Captain: James Abercrombie
Arrival: Port of Philadelphia
Received in Philadelphia by: Edward Shippen, Esquire
Location: Statehouse in Philadelphia
Saturday, September 23, 1752

[List 181 C] At the Statehouse in Philadelphia, Saturday, 23 September, 1752.

Present: Edward Shippen, Esquire. The Foreigners whose Names are underwritten, Imported in the Ship St Andrew, Captain James Abercrombie, from Rotterdam and last from Plymouth in England, did this day take the Oaths to the Government in the usual Form. No 111.

Passenger List:

Jacob Baltzer
Christopf [?] Horn
Johann Friedrich Seller
Hans Mardin Zeller
Johann Christoph Rössel
Hans Martin Hang
Dewalt (XX) Billman
Hans Dommi
Andereas Bartruff
Uhllerich (O) Shergh
Abraham (++) Zety
Johann Philip Keinel
Jacob Orth
Philip (PB) Backer
Philip (K) Kibelinger
Jacob Hiestandt
Christian Bähler
Vallentin (XX) Backer
Johannes Arnbühl
Andereas (X) Lintz
Uhllerigh (+) Zurger
Daniel Blim
Ulrich Scherr
Joh. Georg Knoch
Ludwig Spannagel
Gabriel Spannagel
Hans George (+) Holtzer
Leonhart (+) Bremer
Wilhelm Reiter
Jacob Reiter
Jacob (X) Blanck
Nickolas (X) Blanck Matthias Eckh
Johann Jacob Bauer
Jacob (O) Kauffman
Johannes (X) Ruts
Nicolas (X) Booke
Johann Heinrich Kress
Johann Valentin Kräss
Daniel Renold
Christen Schmucker
Hans (H) Blanck
Johann Jacob Boltz
Joseph Kropf
Jacob ( ) Vorney, sick on board
Uhllerik (X) Houser
Dorst (+) Alliman
Leonhart (+) Hedley
Ulriche Fischer
Johan Michell
Mauer Johann Bernhart Eytel
Joseph Gall
Jacob Frid
Philip Wissler
Philipp Ullrich Lauterbach
Michel Lincksweiler
Johannes Mack
Peiter Mack
Dietherich Schmitzer
Eberhart Buttman
Johann Georg Gramlich
Christoph Heinrich Reinhold
John George (+) Küffer
Rudolf Edel [?]
Michael App
Christian Stäbler
Henrich Jacob Hänsler
Bastian Bohrmann
Jorich Bernhart
Friedrich Johann Peter Lange
Steffan Meyer
George Adam Eberth
Hans Jorg Bader
Henrich Schenck
Johann Görg Kupper
Davit Kattrmann
Heinrich Gebhardt
Johannes Schmitt
Jacob Lutz
Andres Zorn
Jacob Schäffer
Hans Jacob Brener
Matte Steinbrenner
Jacob Steinbrenner
Christopf Carl
Mattheus Breitschwerd
Christian Lutz
Simon Reiht
Johan Leonhart Reuchert
Hans Michel Hottenbach
Johan Georg Hottenbach
Peter Adam
Friederich Planck
David Aller
Hanns Jacob Eberli
Johann Michael Streker
Jeramias Eberli
Johann Heinrich Riedel
Christoph David Schauer
Philipp Schauer
Fridrich Müller
Johann Geörg Eberle
Hans Jerg Heisch
Ullrich Stauffer
Hans George (X) Piesh
Simon (X) Brand
Johan Petter Kampman
Johann Wilhelm Kampman
Frantz (X) Kamman
Daniel (X) Gethart
Johan Caspar Ginter

Throughout the picturesque valleys of mid-eighteenth-century Germany echoed the song of the Neulander (newlander). Their song enticed journeymen who struggled to feed their families with the dream and promise of colonial America. Traveling throughout the German countryside, the typical Neulander sought to sign up several families from a village for immigration to a particular colony. By registering a group of neighbors, rather than isolated families, the agent increased the likelihood that his signees would not stray to the equally enticing proposals of a competitor. Additionally, by signing large groups, the Neulander fattened his purse.

Generally, the Germans who chose to undertake the hardship of a trans-Atlantic voyage were poor, yet the cost of such a voyage was high. Records from a 1753 voyage indicate that the cost of an adult fare (one freight) from Rotterdam to Boston was 7.5 pistole (any of several gold coins used in various European countries until the late 19th century – sometimes called a doubloon). Children between the ages of 4 and 13 were assessed at half the adult rate (one-half freight). Children under 4 were not charged. To get a sense of the expense involved, it has been estimated that the adult fare, 7.5 pistoles, is equivalent to approximately $2,000 in today’s currency! For a large family, the cost could easily be well beyond their means. Even though many immigrants did not have the necessary funds to purchase passage, they were determined to make the crossing. Years of indentured servitude for themselves and other family members were often the currency of last resort.

Up to at least the mid-1800’s, those who wanted to leave their area at all had to have permission from the local ruler, usually a Prince, Landgraf, or the like. Before they left the country, they also had to furnish proof that they were not in debt, and, if they were young men, had served in the army. When they gave up their citizenship a notice was often put in the local paper so that any creditors could make their demands known.

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